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Are You Ready to Trick-or-Treat?

Are You Ready to Trick-or-Treat?

Author: Rokai

Do you celebrate Halloween by donning costumes while trick-or-treating or attending parties decorated with jack-o-lanterns? Or do you make it a point to visit the dead and celebrate the season of Halloween with your loved ones – both the living and the dead – in the cemetery picnic-style?

Your Halloween traditions may vary depending on which side of the planet you were born. If you were born in Ireland, you may have first-hand accounts of Halloween traditions passed on from centuries since the holiday is said to have originated there.

This international holiday, which is celebrated on October 31, includes activities like trick-or-treating, ghost tours, bonfires, costume parties, visiting haunted attractions, carving jack-o’-lanterns, reading scary stories, and watching horror movies. But then again, traditions differ depending on which country you’re from.

While Filipinos do not celebrate Halloween the way most Westerners do, we do have our own traditions which most Westerners see as odd but rather fascinating. It is not to say, though, that the very popular Halloween trick-or-treat tradition isn’t done in the country.

Villages with expatriates held on to the tradition and influenced Filipino neighbors to celebrate with them during Halloween. In fact, as early as the sixties, Americans living in the Philippines have already introduced the tradition.

In western countries, costumes for the October 31 celebration are now already being planned. Plans for costume parties are already on the works, too, as well as designs for pumpkin carvings.

In the Philippines, on the other hand, trips to provinces are already being scheduled by most Filipinos as early as now – some may have even made up their plans earlier.

While most Filipinos do not participate in the October 31 celebration – wherein kids enjoy trick-or-treating while adults attend costume parties – November 1 and 2 are the highlights of the Halloween season as it corresponds to the Catholic celebration of ‘All Saint’s Day’ and ‘All Soul’s Day’, respectively.

People come to cemeteries and honor the dead while prayers are offered to souls and candles are lighted. This is the time when people flock to cemeteries and spend time on the graves of their loved ones.

The metro is at its slowest and traffic-free state during this time when people choose to come home to their families, honor the dead and enjoy the holiday. Aside from giving respect to the departed, Halloween is the best time for families to reunite and spend time together.

So for many regions, Halloween may or may not be a season to look forward to. In the Philippines, there are some regions who try to celebrate the scariest season of the year but apparently this is not a country-wide event that many would love.

Of course goodies and tricks can make a difference but the fact remains that the culture of countries do have a bearing. And for the Philippines, it is something related to dressing up in the scariest and weirdest of things but other than that, it is partying that what Filipinos love the most.

Et al, Halloween is something that could be inserted if only people would truly grasp why it is something that many love to celebrate. It is more than just movies and partying, it is the spookiest and fun-filled events you can dream of. Why else do you see store selling eerie but crazy stuff meant for the season of witches and ghouls?

Jane Nepomuceno is an online editor from the leading newspaper of the Philippines, Manila Bulletin.  You can find more articles and content written by her by visiting the Manila Bulletin online newspaper.

Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_1783627_27.html

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Why Do We Celebrate Halloween – The Spookiest Holiday Of The Year

Why Do We Celebrate Halloween – The Spookiest Holiday Of The Year

Author: NS Kennedy

Halloween is full of costumes and candy, trick-or-treating and terrifying haunted houses, pumpkins and black cats. But just where did Halloween come from? Why are we celebrating?

The history of Halloween goes back 2000 years. Many believe that Halloween’s origins are found in the Celtic festival of Samhain. The Celts, who were located in Ireland, the UK and the northern parts of France, celebrated their New Year on the first of November. Samhain was celebrated the night before the New Year.

The New Year, Celts believed, marked summer’s end, harvest time, and the start of dark, cold winter months. Those winter months were associated with death by these people. On October 31, the night before the New Year, the Celts celebrated Samhain.  This day, they believed, was when the ghosts of the deceased returned to earth because the boundaries between the living world and the dead world blurred. 

When we think of “Trick-Or-Treating”, the origins can probably be found in the English All Souls’ Day parades. During these celebrations, the poor would come out and beg for food from the more wealthy families. When the families gave them pastries called “soul cakes”, they asked for the poor to pray for their relatives that had passed away.

Another possibility that may have grown into “Trick-Or-Treating” is the tradition of people leaving bowls of food in front of their homes. They did this to keep the ghosts that were wandering the earth from entering.

Dressing in costumes has a couple possible origins. European and Celtic people both felt winter was a frightening time. It was cold, it was darker, and the possibility of running out of food was great. When they reached the time when they thought the dead returned, they thought they might encounter these ghosts whenever they left their houses. The wearing of masks and costumes grew from these people donning masks so the ghosts would not recognize them!

This holiday was brought to the US by Scotch and Irish immigrants in the 1800s. At that time, much of the “spookiness” of the holiday was removed and a sense of community and fun were added. Although scary themes are still the focus of many Halloween celebrations, that scariness is done for fun, not because of actual fear.

Halloween is currently the 2nd largest commercial holiday!
Nicola always enjoys celebrating Halloween with her family. Visit her Halloween site for tips and information about Homemade Halloween Costumes at http://Homemade-Halloween-Costumes.Best-Halloween.com

This article may be reprinted in full so long as the resource box and the live links are included intact. All rights reserved. Copyright Best-Halloween.com
Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_82871_32.html

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Marine tourism economy

Author: jobapple2010

Marine tourism economy is based on marine natural resources for tourism launched an economic activity. As the marine tourism economy is a branch of tourism economy, marine tourism economy should be in the tourism economy on the basis of further development. “Ninth Five-Year” Early, the State Council formulated the “China Ocean Agenda 21”, established a marine economic development strategy. The general idea of actively explore the ocean, including the tertiary industry, according to the requirements of a modern port city, to speed up the construction of ports and sea lanes, supporting construction of various marine services and facilities, the coastal cities into sightseeing, entertainment, holiday, rehabilitation, shopping, convention and exhibition and other full-featured marine tourism economic zone. This means that China’s marine tourism industry in China’s marine economy, a new bright spot. Bring tourism economy, with 20 years ago, has been recognized in the academic community, will not be unfamiliar. But talking about “marine tourism economy (Marine tourism economy)”, there may be a kind of strangeness. This is not surprising, because “Marine tourism economy” is a new concept, it is narrowly based on the extension of tourism economy out of a new economy. As the early 20th century 70 “high seas” This new view has been moved, very quickly in many countries by the world politicians, economists, scientists agree, like, “Marine tourism economy,” this concept will soon for human acceptance.  Today, tourism has become the backbone industries of the world economy, as an economic industry involved in the operation of the entire socio-economic activities has become an integral part of the national economy. Indispensable in the tourism economy of tourism supply resources, coastal scenery, blue sea, island scenery, Underwater World and other ocean-related natural resources account for a large part. However, the number of tourist resources are marine resources, tourism revenues in the number of travel from the ocean is currently not possible to strictly separate the region.  For example, a coastal city of tourism development may largely depend on coastal scenery, seaside landscape, aquarium, sea and other marine resources to carry out the world. Logically speaking tourists in the coastal city of tourism should belong to the scope of the marine tourism, tourist spending should belong to the marine tourism revenue, coastal cities have access to economic benefits should also be attributed to marine tourist economy. However, due to the concept of marine tourism economy is still in the cradle, in economic statistics, it is usually travel as a tourist economy, income statistics, but it did not separate the economy as a marine tourism income statistics. This is because the tourism economy with elements of the marine tourism economy, marine tourism economy in the tourism economy of subsidiary needs to mature in the tourism economy based on the further expansion of marine tourism economy can be said that a branch of the tourist economy, are part of the tourism economy .  As we all know, tourism is an economic industry. Then the use of marine resources and the development of marine tourism should also be an economic industry. To promote marine-based tourism and economic development of marine economy, marine tourism economy can be formed. See marine tourism economy is to the marine natural resources for tourism carried out an economic activity.As the marine tourism economy is a branch of tourism economy, marine tourism economy should be in the tourism economy on the basis of further development. But China’s tourism economy is an economy came near, only 20 years of history, not very mature, coupled with the statistical limitations of the data and related information, can be said that a branch of tourism economy – marine tourism economy also belongs to a previous area of research is not involved. A new concept of the recognized need time to study the new concept of information content, data need to accumulate. In the absence of detailed information and specific data on the situation, this can not be a detailed analysis and verification of data to the marine nature tourism economy and its economic benefits, just the view from the use of marine resources, marine economy and tourism to explain the relationship between the economy and its commonality of the economic development of marine tourism ideas. History has proved that all the countries to develop marine economy may apply national power strong, otherwise declining national power. All times, no exceptions. With the acceleration of globalization, the world economy is increasingly to the coastal layout together, China’s economy has never been dependent on the sea, has never been on the ocean have great expectations. According to the plan, by 2010, China will gradually become a maritime power, marine industrial power, sea salt producing countries, power and marine tourism development of offshore oil and gas resources, power, and eventually become a maritime power. Thus, to develop marine tourism industry, not only of our own industrial and economic development needs, but also the general trend of China’s integration into the world economy. As we all know, the Mediterranean coast, Hawaii, Bali, Iceland is the world-famous ocean resort, a large number of tourists every year for the local government to provide substantial revenue. In recent years, as China’s rapid economic growth, rising living standards, more and more people joined the ranks of outbound tourism. Relevant data show that China has become the largest tourist source countries in Europe and America. The marine tourism routes become residents travel abroad the most important choice, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, France, Britain, Italy, the United States, Canada, Iceland, Norway, Australia, New Zealand marine tourist destination or region, is the Chinese residents of the most important tourist destination. When people watch Scenes competing exit when the rich tourism resources in China are also favored by foreigners, including colorful ocean scenery. China’s 18,000 kilometers of coastline, more than 6,500 islands and 300 million square kilometers of maritime territory, rich in marine tourism resources. Which, for the development of many coastal attractions of 1500, now part of the development of coastal development or human attractions, coastal attractions, attractions and odd objects hill only 350 spots, which accounts for all the attractions of 23.5% can be developed . China’s vast Central China Sea, the north Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, east, south China Sea, coastal and island scenery varies. Well-known seaside resort, the South China Sea with the beautiful Hainan Island (Sanya’s most prestigious to be a few), Hong Kong, Macao and Guangxi Beihai, the East China Sea Taiwan and Taiwan, and Xiamen, Zhoushan Islands, Bohai Bay, there were Dalian, Qinhuangdao, Qingdao and Weihai. There are many more, are “kept in purdah who did not know,” the marine landscape. Recently, South Korea implemented a number of policies to encourage the development of marine tourism, and with sports and cultural exchanges together. For example: 5 work week system of gradual implementation of the comprehensive development of the West Coast, “POST World Cup” of specific policy options. Learn from foreign experience, China is also in the development of island tourism projects can add sports and cultural elements, thereby to improve the cultural content of marine tourism, so tourists can feel “sports health island” charm.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/travel-tips-articles/marine-tourism-economy-2833594.html

About the AuthorTourism is an economic industry. Then the use of marine resources and the development of marine tourism should also be an economic industry. To promote marine-based tourism and economic development of marine economy, marine tourism economy can be formed. See marine tourism economy is to the marine natural resources for tourism carried out an economic activity.travel blog


Tourism – a Fight Against Poverty

Author: Jayanthi&aleeswari


Creating Jobs and Wealth

Poverty alleviation has become an essential condition for peace, environmental conservation and sustainable development, besides being an ethical obligation in an affluent world, where the divide between poor and rich nations seems to have increased in recent years. There is a stronger evidence that tourism if developed and managed in a sustainable manner, can make a significant contribution to alleviate poverty, especially in rural areas, where most of the poor live and where there are very few other development options.

Travel & Tourism is the world’s largest industry and creator of jobs across national and regional economies. World Travel and Tourism Council research shows that in 2000, Travel & Tourism will generate, directly and indirectly, 11.7% of Gross Domestic Product and nearly 200 million jobs in the world-wide economy. International tourism arrivals in 2002 exceeded 700 million, generating $US 474.2 billion in worldwide receipts. These figures are forecasted to have an upward trend in 2010.

Jobs generated by Travel & Tourism are spread across the economy – in retail, construction, manufacturing and telecommunications, as well as directly in Travel & Tourism companies. These jobs employ a large proportion of women, minorities and young people; are predominantly in small and medium sized companies; and offer good training and transferability. Tourism can also be one of the most effective drivers for the development of regional economies. These patterns apply to both developed and emerging economies.

The Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization, Francesco Frangialli, rightly observed that “tourism is a major factor in the war on poverty. For most Developing Countries, LDC’s and Small Island Developing States it is their largest single export and major driver of jobs, investment and economic transformation. It is growing in these countries at significantly higher rates than in OECD states. Also in general these poor countries are most vulnerable to climate change and at the same time are the ones who create the least green house gas emissions. Tourism must be allowed to grow responsibly to these states and actions to curb emissions must take this into account”.

The geographical expansion and labour intensive nature of the Tourism sector provide ?a spread of employment which is particularly relevant in remote and rural areas where ?many of the poor live.

?UNWTO statistics show the growing strength of the tourism industry for developing ?countries:?

  • International tourism receipts for developing countries (low income, lower and ?upper middle income countries) will soon pass more than US$ 250 billion.?
  • Tourism is one of the major export sectors of poor countries and a leading ?source of foreign exchange in 46 of the 49 Least Developed Countries.?

Through its ST-EP programme (Sustainable Tourism – Eliminating Poverty), UNWTO ?has put in place a framework for poverty alleviation, linking its longstanding pursuit of ?sustainable tourism with the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and its own ?Global Code of Ethics.

Funding has been approved for 13 ST-EP projects so far, amounting to around US$1 ?million, benefiting 18 countries (Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Honduras, Kenya, Lao, ?Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania, Vietnam and Zambia, and a regional ?project in West Africa). In parallel, 25 ST-EP projects are being implemented by ?UNWTO with funding from the Netherlands Development Organization (SNV) for a total ?of around € 1.2 million (Albania, Cambodia, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Montenegro, Nepal, ?Niger, Rwanda, SADC countries, Uganda). Italy, is funding 8 ST-EP projects ??(Colombia, Ghana, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Mali), and funding has been approved for ?additional projects during 2007.

International tourist arrivals, 1990-2002

International tourist arrivals




in 2002



























Asia and the Pacific







North-East Asia







South-East Asia














South Asia














Middle East







Source: World Tourism Organization.

Tourism in Asia and the Pacific region

During the period 1990-2002, growth in tourism in Asia and the Pacific outperformed the rest of the world, with arrivals growing by 7.1 per cent annually (compared with 3.7 per cent for the world), increasing the global share from 12.7 per cent in 1990 to 18.7 per cent in 2002. Over the same period, tourism revenue in the region more than doubled, from $US 40.8 billion in 1990 to $US 94.7 billion in 2002. Travel and tourism in the region has created 115 million jobs and made a significant contribution to GDP (North-East Asia, 9 per cent of GDP; South-East Asia, 7.56 per cent; South Asia, 4.87 per cent; Oceania, 13.55 per cent).

Given the broad income and employment figures as well as the impacts outlined above, tourism has considerable potential to contribute to poverty reduction in countries of the region. However, in most countries, tourism initiatives are still only at the pilot stage and the measurement of their impact on the poor is inconsistent. It is also well recognized that there can be leakages of foreign exchange from the tourism sectors and that the distribution of the benefits of tourism varies according t according to the market segment on which the country is focusing. Consequently, two of the challenges in the sector are to design tourism interventions that maximize net foreign exchange gains and focus on the potential of improving the living standards of the poor.

With the increased interest in using tourism as a tool for poverty alleviation, there is clearly a need to develop methodologies and indicators that will enable Governments and other stakeholders to understand the impact of various initiatives on the poor and shape future interventions more effectively. In this connection, preparations are under way to organize a meeting on measuring and assessing the impact of pro-poor tourism initiatives and policies at Bangkok in September 2004. The meeting will bring together a group of practitioners working in poverty and tourism to consider methodologies to measure and assess the impact of pro-poor tourism initiatives.

The rising arrival figures do not necessarily mean that the poorer members of a society will also benefit. Nor are increasing numbers of tourists always welcome at a destination. It is therefore vital that destination managers find ways how the poor can obtain “not crumbs off the table but a share of the cake”. In this context, Dr. SantaMaria introduced seven approaches for achieving benefits for the poor from tourism development:

• direct employment;

• supply of goods and services to enterprises;

• direct sales of goods and services to visitors;

• running of enterprises (SMEs, community-based);

• tax or levy on tourism income;

• voluntary giving / support by enterprises or tourists; and

• investment in infrastructure.

A study was conducted in order to discover how some of these approaches can be supported. To increase the number of poor people who are directly employed in the tourism industry, for example, three main activities can be suggested: the use of international partnerships and teaching support to “catch up” on education and training, the setting up of tourism developments even in isolated rural areas, as well as the support through microfinance initiatives.

The following principles have been adopted by UNWTO and recommended to the governments in connection with Tourism and Poverty Alleviation:

1. Mainstreaming: ensure that sustainable tourism development is included in general poverty elimination programmes. Include poverty elimination measures within overall strategies for the sustainable development of tourism;

2. Partnerships: develop partnerships between international, government, nongovernmental and private sector bodies, with a common aim of poverty alleviation through tourism;

3. Integration: adopt an integrated approach with other sectors and avoid overdependence

on tourism;

4. Equitable distribution: ensure that tourism development strategies focus on more equitable distribution of wealth and services – growth alone is not enough;

5. Acting locally: focus action at a local/destination level, within the context of supportive national policies;

6. Retention: reduce leakages from the local economy and build linkages within it, focusing on the supply chain;

7. Viability: maintain sound financial discipline and assess viability of all actions taken;

8. Empowerment: create conditions which empower and enable the poor to have access to information and to influence and take decisions;

9. Human rights: remove all forms of discrimination against people working or seeking to work in tourism and eliminate any exploitation, particularly against women and children;

10. Commitment: plan action and the application of resources for the long term; and

11. Monitoring: develop simple indicators and systems to measure the impact of tourism on poverty.

Based on these principles, UNWTO’s general programme of work includes a number of activities aimed at maximizing the impact of tourism for the benefit of developing countries in general and LDCs in particular.


There has been an up market trend in the tourism over the last few decades, especially in Europe where international travel for short breaks is common. Tourists have higher levels of disposable income and greater leisure time and they are also better-educated and have more sophisticated tastes. There is now a demand for a better quality products, which has resulted in a fragmenting of the mass market for beach vacations; people want more specialized versions, such as ‘Club 18 -30’, quieter resorts, family-oriented holidays, or niche market-targeted destination hotels. As well, people are taking second short break holidays.

The developments in technology and transport infrastructure such as jumbo jets and low-budget airlines have made many types of tourism more affordable. There have also been changes in lifestyle, such as retiree-age people who living as a tourist all the year round. This is facilitated by internet purchasing of tourism products. Some sites have now started to offer dynamic packaging, in which an inclusive price is quoted for a tailor- made package requested by the customer upon impulse.

There have been a few setbacks in tourism, such as the September 11, 2001 attacks and terrorist threats to tourist destinations such as Bali and European cities. Some of the tourist destinations, including the beach resorts of Cancún have lost popularity due to shifting tastes. In this context, the excessive building and environmental destruction often associated with traditional “sun and beach” tourism may contribute to a destination’s saturation and subsequent decline. Spain’s Costa Brava, a popular 1960s and 1970s beach location is now facing a crisis in its tourist industry. On December 26, 2004 a tsunami, caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake hit Asian countries bordering the Indian Ocean, and also the Maldives. Tens of thousands of lives were lost, and many tourists died. This, together with the vast clean-up operation in place, has stopped or severely hampered tourism to the area.

Sustainable tourism is becoming more popular as people start to realize the devastating effects of poorly planned tourism on communities. Receptive tourism is now growing at a very rapid rate in many developing countries, where it is often the most important economic activity in local Gross Domestic Product.

In recent years, second holidays or vacations have become more popular as people’s discretionary income increases. Typical combinations are a package to the typical mass tourist resort, with a winter skiing holiday or weekend break to a city or national park.

“The development of tourism means, above all, social progress, job ?creation and poverty alleviation”.

` Travel & Tourism has a number of advantages over other industry sectors:

  • it creates jobs and wealth whilst;
  • at the same time, it can contribute to sustainable development;
  • it tends to have low start-up costs;
  • is a viable option in a wide range of areas and regions;
  • is likely to continue to grow for the foreseeable future; and
  • the industry is, in a large part, aware of the need to protect the resource on which it is based – local culture and built and natural environment – and it is committed to these resources’ preservation and enhancement.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/self-publishing-articles/tourism-a-fight-against-poverty-483188.html

About the Author

lecturer in MBA,
PSNA college of enginering & technology,

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12 Beach Vacation Ideas

When it comes to go on your beach vacation, it can be very hard to pick a destination. There are many places you can go, whether you want to explore the beaches of Boracay or just play golf in Georgia. Below, you’ll find 12 ideas to help you decide on where to go for your vacation.
1. White Rock Zambales Beach Resort (Zambales-Philippines)
Is a 5.7 hectare property nestled along the beaches of Subic Bay, just 2 – hrs drive from Balintawak toll plaza. It is a leisurely drive passing through national highways, farmlands and scenic spots. White Rock Beach Hotel is a premier Philippines beach resort located in Zambales. Another philippines beach resort hotel inside the SBMA tourist center.
2. The Boracay Beach Resort (Philippines)
Is located at the heart of Boracay Island — midway along White Beach between Boat Station 1 and the island’s newest center, D’Mall. The beachfront location makes the Boracay Beach Resort a quiet respite from the island’s bustling party scene, but close enough to its heart for those who want a complete Boracay experience.
3. Puerto Galera (Philippines)
Is a soothing vision of shimmering seas surrounded by lush mountains. It is considered one of the most beautiful and developed beach resort community in the country. Puerto Galera is easily reachable from Manila in several hours with many options including private transfer, tourist coach, public bus and even seaplane. The easiest way to get here is by private car or van and banca directly to Puerto Galera. Just contact us to arrange pickup from the airport or your hotel in Manila.
4. Virgin Islands vacation
At this vacation destination you can enjoy blue waters and sandy beaches. The Ritz Carlton, and St. Thomas resorts offer you the best of luxury hotels during your beach vacation in the Virgin Islands.
5. Half Moon Bay California
Located just 30 minutes by car away from San Francisco, the Ritz Carlton Half Moon Bay is a quick beach vacation away from the normal busy life of the city.
6. Luxury Beach Resort of Bermuda
Two hours away by flight from New York City, Bermuda is a quick and ideal vacation away from the East Coast. Ariel Sands offers you 47 guest rooms with gourmet food and breathtaking views.
7. Romance and seclusion in Jamaica
With unique rooms and splendid views of the Caribbean, gourmet cuisine and amazing beaches, The Caves resort in Jamaica helps to set the beach vacation mood like never before.
8. Lakeside Resort Georgia
Near Atlanta Georgia, the Lake Lanier Islands offers a golf course for golf lovers and a waterpark with several water rides, slides, and water attractions the entire family will enjoy.
9. Hawaii resort
You can choose to put your frequent flier miles to good use and take a beach vacation on the island of Hawaii. Here, you can relax on the beach, swim in the ocean, play golf, and even indulge in one of the many innovative spa treatments. Hawaii enjoys some of the best weather in the world – making it a great choice for your beach vacation.
10. Golf and Beach in Georgia
Popular among the East Coast, the Cloister at Sea Island in Georgia offers you 54 holes of championship golf, sandy beaches, and a wide array of things for you to do.
11. Oahu beach vacation
At the Kahala Mandarin Oriental you can expect to be pampered like never before. You can visit the spa, take scuba diving classes, or choose to swim it up with the dolphins. The resort is conveniently located 15 minutes away from Honolulu and Waikiki Beach.
12. Grande and Chiquita Island (Subic-Philippines)
Are surrounded by blue green clean water at the mouth of Subic Bay, Reachable by a car in less than one and half hours from Balintawak. Rich in historical legacy, an untouched forest area and sea breeze. It is also home to many birds and their nestling place. It is an ideal place for relaxation, nature lovers, family reunion and friends; a place for group seminar and training. Approximately 1 1/2 hours drive from Manila to Subic and 15 to 20 minutes boat ride from Subic Terminal to Grande Island Resort.