Author: Dorothy Yamich
Mosquitoes are a major cause of a number of serious diseases throughout the world. Five of the most common mosquito-borne diseases are Malaria, Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile Virus, and Dengue Fever.
Malaria is the most common serious disease that is caused by mosquitoes. Over one million people die from this disease worldwide each year.
Female mosquitoes deposit their eggs into your bloodstream while they feed on your blood. These parasite eggs incubate and infest in your liver and then attack your red blood cells. The first symptoms usually are felt within twenty-four hours. Some symptoms are nausea and vomiting, a high fever, as well as shivers and chills. This is normally followed by a deep sleep and then a flare up occurs. If the symptoms repeat themselves every two to three days, you must seek medical attention.
An anti-malaria prescription can be taken to help protect you when traveling on vacation in mosquito infested tropical climates. But to receive maximum protection, this medication should be taken before, during, and after your trip. However, these pills aren’t always completely effective.
Pharmaceutical drugs such as Chloroquine, Mefloquine, Fansidar, and Doxycycline, can be prescribed to treat malaria, but they aren’t always totally effective. Ask your physician more about the dosage and length of time that you should take any of these prescription medications.
You can protect yourself from yellow fever by getting vaccinated by a physician at a local health authority before you travel on your holidays. This vaccination lasts about ten years and is very effective.
Japanese encephalitis is a viral infection that is transmitted by being bitten by an infected mosquito. The disease can be prevented by a series of three vaccinations.
Dengue fever is a viral disease that is spread through mosquitoes. At the present time there is no vaccination to prevent this disease.
West Nile Virus is also spread by infected mosquitoes. There’s no vaccine to protect you from this disease.
Keep in mind that when it comes to serious mosquito-borne diseases, prevention is always better than a cure, even if there is one. It is always best to limit the chance of being bitten and infected by mosquitoes in the first place. You should always wear loose fitting, long-sleeved shirts and slacks and use a DEET containing insect repellent when mosquitoes become active near dusk. Also, be sure to kill all the mosquitoes in your room before going to sleep, and use mosquito nets and coils when camping or sleeping outdoors.
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Article Source: http://www.articlealley.com/article_658302_29.html
About the Author: Dorothy Yamich has a passion for travel. She has lived and traveled extensively throughout Europe as well as traveled in North America, Central America, and the Caribbean. She is a travel consultant and specializes in luxury cruises as well as vacation packages.