Hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans’ innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human Developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.
Staying healthy is a prerequisite of maintaining an added stress-free life brought about by complications. In the event of an illness or sickness by germs and unhealthy living, we are then faced and served with a level of incapability in certain levels such as not being able to perform at our best. It is then important to know the nature of our physiological and psychological needs to maintain our state of staying healthy. The hierarchy of needs which was first defined by Abraham Maslow in 1943 as an article in his publication Theory of Human Motivation very well explain the steps in which we should go through to achieve a state of well being.
The first step in staying healthy is to be able to obtain the basic things which our body needs to
function in the proper manner in which our body was designed to be.
Some of the things which a person needs to start attaining and staying healthy is by being able to
provide the self with proper breathing, food, water, sleep, excretion, and the like.
Among all things, this is perhaps the most general and common standard for human existence in which an absence of these would result to outright illness and complications on the other areas of needs of the human being.
The next level of need which the body needs is the safety of these physiological parts from external and internal stimuli which may cause them to malfunction or dysfunction. These internal factors include the germs and bacteria which invade our bodies and wreak havoc in our physiological processes. External forces may be any of the environmental objects which may pose
a threat to our whole being.
Safety of the body is needed after being able to provide the same with the necessary starter
supplements. Keeping the body safe from harm and by keeping a proper form of hygiene would definitely help in maintaining safety of the body.
Love is the affection and concern received by the self from the different social constructs surrounding him. Staying healthy would also need a form of affirmation and care from the others as we are social creatures. A lack of proper affection may lead to complications in
the next two higher levels of needs, going towards the psychological area of existence.
Love may not always be the romantic love that one seeks, but rather the love of just being accepted as an individual with a distinct personality.
Esteem has to be the desired effect of the individual after the immediate acquisition of the previous aspect of love. A person with esteem may be able to do more things beyond his known personal limit. It manifests a person’s will to fight and the urge to carry on with
things to overcome challenges. Sometimes, esteem is based and dependent on the people believing in him.
After all the previous physiological needs have been met, the final and most important need of self
actualization is required. The psychological need of self-actualization is needed to finalize and solidify the four other levels of needs of every individual. In this aspect, the brain is the focal and controlling factor in holding all the other four together to achieve homeostasis. No matter how capable the body is to do healthy tasks, if the mind is unhealthy, then everything else will deteriorate afterwards.
Staying healthy by following the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is an essential step by step needs assessment to stay focused on what area’s of existence are most important to be attained fully first before proceeding to the next in attaining a perfect state of well being.
Displayed as a pyramid Maslow’s hierarchy of needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security.
As people progress up the pyramid, needs become increasingly psychological and social. Soon, the need for love, friendship and intimacy become important. Further up the pyramid, the need for self- esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority. Like Carl Rogers, Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person to achieve individual potential.